It Isn’t At All Taxing To Protect Your Tax Information

Sniff out—and smack down—tax fraud. Put the kibosh on tax-related identity theft with these quick and easy tips.

  1. Keep it safe. Never carry your Social Insurance card or number in a purse or wallet. Leave it at home in a secure place or in a safe-deposit box.
  2. Do not store tax information on your computer. Keep sensitive tax information (T1 & T4) on a password-protected or encrypted external drive or disk, and store it in a secure location, such as a safe-deposit box or a locked safe. If you must store it on your computer, make sure the drive is encrypted. Never store tax files or any personal information on a cloud or Internet drive.
  3. Employ strong usernames and passwords, especially when conducting financial business online. Always include numbers, upper- and lowercase characters, and symbols such as *, ! and &.
  4. Be picky about your preparer. Carefully choose a tax preparer. Many fraud rings front as tax preparation companies that may steal personal information, redirect your return or offer to fraudulently review your returns for inaccuracies.
  5. Snoop around. Verify the status of your preparer’s license with the Better Business Bureau by mail; make sure to use certified mail from the Canada Post Services so you can confirm its arrival.
  6. Go electronic. Opt for direct deposit of tax refunds to avoid lost or stolen refund checks.

Keeping Your Tax Information Safe Online

  1. Got an email from the CRA? It’s probably a fake. The CRA never communicates or requests personal information such as a social insurance number or date of birth via unsolicited email. Do not open or forward emails claiming to be from the CRA—only forward them to info@antifraudcentre.ca
  2. Don’t be a follower. Always type in full URLs and never follow links in emails, download attachments or respond to banner ads for tax services from unknown sources or sources you don’t trust—especially those promising a bigger or faster refund. These are probably scams.
  3. Keep an eye peeled for imposter or “cloned” websites. These usually are typified by grammatical errors, typos and an unprofessional appearance. Watch for odd error messages, unexpected page layouts or other strange site behaviour. Visit sites of reputable companies only. Make sure there’s a little yellow padlock to the right of the address bar indicating a secure connection.
  4. Read the fine print. When filing taxes online, read the privacy and security policy first, especially if the service is free. Find out when personal identifiable information will be destroyed and whether it can be shared with third parties.

Keeping Your Tax Information Safe At Home

  1. Paranoid is the new black. Store sensitive tax information (e.g. T4’s, T1’s) on a password-protected or encrypted external drive or disk and keep it in a secured location, such as a safe-deposit box or safe. If you must store it on your computer, make sure the drive is encrypted. Never store tax files or any personal information on a cloud or Internet drive.
  2. Take a sledgehammer to it. Destroy old computers, drives, printers or fax machines containing past tax information, or use a trusted wiping application.
  3. Employ strong usernames and passwords, especially when conducting financial business online. Always include numbers, upper- and lowercase characters, and symbols such as *, ! and &.

Keeping Your Tax Information Safe When You Use a Tax Preparer or Accountant

  1. Be picky about your preparer. Many fraud rings front as tax-preparation companies and may offer to review returns for inaccuracies, but they can steal your information and redirect your refund.
  2. Snoop around Verify the status of your preparer’s license with the Better Business Bureau.
  3. Be suspicious. Be wary of services claiming to give zero or extraordinarily low tax liability. They often charge exorbitant fees, skim money from returns or divert refunds.
  4. Ask lots of questions. Then ask some more. Grill your accountant on how your personal information is stored and his personal privacy policy, including security measures to keep your information safe. This will help you feel more secure—and will alert a less-than-reputable preparer that you’re on the ball.
  5. Everyone’s a critic. Scrutinize returns carefully and immediately. Never sign a blank or incomplete return or one the preparer has failed to sign (paid preparers are required to sign your return and complete all preparer sections requesting their ID number).